Source: ITDP



This section contains additional resources related to TOD and the well-being of babies, toddlers, and caregivers. They include both ITDP and other partner resources, and they are organized into publications and multimedia. For more resources, please visit ITDP’s Publications page.


Access and Babies, Toddlers, and Caregivers.

ITDP, 2021.

A policy brief that discusses TOD from the perspective of neighborhood development grounded in inclusion and access for babies, toddlers, and their caregivers.

Access for All: Access and Gender.

ITDP, 2019.

This brief explores the gendered aspects of mobility and access and provides recommendations to promote gender-responsive actions in sustainable mobility planning.

An Urban95 Starter Kit: Ideas for Action.

Third edition. Bernard van Leer Foundation, 2019.

Based on learnings gathered from Urban95 initiatives across the world, this publication serves as a starting point to help cities understand the value of investing in their youngest inhabitants and the people who care for them—and it provides actionable ideas and guidance on how to do so. It includes an introduction to early childhood development and why it matters for cities; an introduction to Urban95; promising ideas for action; and implementation guidance for Urban95 initiatives.

Better Streets, Better Cities: A Guide to Street Design in Urban India.

ITDP, 2011.

This guide to street design in urban India illustrates ways that good design can help create safer streets and more livable public spaces. It begins with a discussion of 16 street elements—such as footpaths, cycle tracks, medians, and spaces for street vending—and covers the importance of each element as well as implementation challenges and design criteria. Next is a library of design templates for various rights-of-way, followed by sample intersections. The final section describes the process of street design, from data collection, surveys, and analysis to the preparation of final plans.

China Child-friendly City Blue Paper.

(In Chinese). ITDP China, 2020.

This guidance paper outlines strategies for child-friendly cities, bringing together best practices from cities around the world and concepts from ITDP and partner organizations. Main focus areas include street safety, play, open space, mobility and access, programming, and participation.

Complete Neighborhoods for Babies, Toddlers, and Their Caregivers.

ITDP, 2021.

A short guide that synthesizes the TOD Standard through the lens of babies, toddlers, and their caregivers. It elaborates on the universal design features of TOD by basing them on the needs of babies and toddlers, who are one of the most vulnerable groups susceptible to conditions of the urban environment.

Designing Streets for Kids.

Global Designing Cities Initiative, 2020.

The Global Designing Cities Initiative (GDCI), a program of the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO), launched Designing Streets for Kids—a supplement to NACTO-GDCI’s Global Street Design Guide (GSDG), which set a new global baseline for designing urban streets. Designing Streets for Kids builds upon the approach of putting people first, with a focus on the specific needs of babies, children, and their caregivers as pedestrians, cyclists, and transit users in urban streets around the world.

Global Streets Design Guide.

NACTO, 2016.

The Global Street Design Guide is supporting practitioners to redefine the role of streets in cities around the world. Created with the input of experts from 72 cities in 42 countries, the Guide offers technical details to inform street design that prioritizes pedestrians, cyclists, and transit riders.

Infant-, Toddler-, Caregiver-Friendly Neighborhood Framework and Guidelines.

Bernard van Leer Foundation, 2019.

This series of publications offers early-childhood-centered approaches for cities to use to create ideal neighborhoods for babies, toddlers, and caregivers. The documents include guidance, policy framework, policy workbook, evaluation metrics, and a best practices compendium tailored for the Indian context.

Proximity of Care Framework.

Third edition. Arup, Bernard van Leer Foundation, 2021.

Sets up the context and parameters of the proximity of care approach for early childhood development in vulnerable urban contexts. It outlines the dimensions of support, health, stimulation, and protection for three levels—household, neighborhood, and city. It is aimed at decision-makers and practitioners, with a view to helping them streamline decisions and projects based on the needs of young children, caregivers, and families.

Space to Grow – Ten principles that support happy, healthy families in a playful, friendly city.

Gehl Institute, Gehl, 2018.

In partnership with the Bernard van Leer Foundation’s Urban95 initiative, this paper by Gehl Institute and Gehl briefly distils 10 initial findings from research to explore how public spaces in a city might better support young children and their caregivers. Ranging beyond parks and playgrounds to plazas, sidewalks and streets, it aims to inform and inspire planners, designers, public health advocates and community members who are fighting for more child-friendly cities.

TOD Implementation Guide/ Guía de Implementación de Políticas y Proyectos de Desarrollo Orientado al Transporte.

(In Spanish). ITDP México, 2015.

The guide describes components of the TOD implementation process, including institutional coordination, governance, policies and tools, public engagement, monitoring, and evaluation. Developed for the Mexican context.

TOD Implementation Guide/ Guia de Implementação de Políticas e Projetos de DOTS.

(In Portuguese). ITDP Brazil, 2018.

Guide to TOD implementation for the context of Brazil.

TOD Standard 3.0.

ITDP, 2017.

Current version of the comprehensive assessment tool and guidance on TOD elements. It features a scorecard, measurement method, definitions, and examples of TOD from different cities that are helpful in scoring projects and evaluating station areas and neighborhoods.

Toolkit – For measuring urban experiences of young children.

Ghel to Geh, Bernard van Leer Foundation, 2018.

People moving count, stationary activity mapping, intercept surveys and sensory mapping are among the tools that can be used to gather data on young children and caregivers in cities. They are explained in practical detail in this publication, a collaboration between the Bernard van Leer Foundation and Gehl. The tools are adapted from Gehl’s Public Space Public Life survey for the Foundation’s Urban95 programme.

Women and Children’s Access to the City.

ITDP Brazil, 2018.

Focusing on Recife, Brazil, this report analyzes the challenges women and children face in accessing work, educational, and leisure opportunities in cities. From this, ITDP Brazil proposed gender-sensitive indicators for evaluation.

Street Manual: Road Design for Mexican Cities/Manual de calles: Diseño vial para ciudades mexicanas.

(In Spanish). ITDP Mexico, 2018.

Technical guidelines and design parameters that facilitate the development of high-quality, safe, inclusive, and sustainable road projects in the Mexican context, promoting the resilience of Mexican cities and increasing accessibility for all people.

Shaping Urbanization for Children.

UNICEF, 2018.

This report defines the child-responsive urban setting based on the principles for children’s rights and urban planning. It outlines the tools to plan, design, and manage the urban space at different scales.

Multimedia Products

Celebrate Public Life

Gehl and Bernard van Leer Foundation, Interactive Website.

Inspiring places for babies, toddlers and caregivers are found all over the world. This interactive website allows users to locate their favorite public places in categories like: welcoming places for babies and toddlers, places with nature, or places with opportunities to play and exercise.

It’s Smart to Be Dense.

ITDP, Webinar.

Density, a core attribute of TOD, may be seen as a cause of disease and unsustainable living. But this webinar debunks the notion that good density is harmful—when done right, density brings necessary activities and open spaces to the neighborhoods, all while creating healthy living conditions and density clusters that support transport service.

It’s Smart to Be Dense.

ITDP and Streetfilms, Video.

ITDP and Streetfilms team up in this video to illustrate the most important reasons for building density.

Pedestrians First: Tools for a Walkable City.

ITDP, Interactive Website.

The Pedestrians First tool allows users to evaluate and measure walkability in cities, neighborhoods, and streets, looking through the special equity lens of babies, toddlers, and caregivers.

Pedestrians First Makes Cities Walkable.

ITDP, Webinar.

Along with the Pedestrians First tool, this webinar highlights why walking matters and how the tool can be used by cities.

Proximity of Care Design Guidelines.

Arup, Bernard van Leer Foundation.

This interactive design guide complements the Proximity of Care publication to guide the assessment process of child-centered interventions in vulnerable contexts. It is composed of four main phases: Desk-Based Analysis, Site Visit, Engagement, and Reporting.

The Right Mix Matters.

ITDP, Infographic.

The infographic explains what constitutes a cohesive and equitable land use and demographic composition of a neighborhood encapsulated in the TOD Standard Principle Mix. It distinguishes the Mix of people and Mix of services as the main feature of equitable TOD.

The Right to Walk.

ITDP and Streetfilms, Video.

This video illustrates elements that ensure the right to walk in a city and shows how to enable walkability for all.

TOD Standard 3.0: Building Inclusive Cities.

ITDP, Webinar.

This webinar showcases the updated (v. 3.0) TOD Standard, emphasizing its focus on inclusive outcomes—the social mix and universal access. It illustrates the TOD Standard framework through best practices as well as examples of its application and influence globally.

Young Explorers.

Bernard van Leer Foundation, Videos.

Shot from the perspective of a walking toddler, these short videos show the experiences of young children navigating urban environments on foot. The series includes features from, Pune, Lima, and Recife.